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知っておきたい基礎英単語、ベーシック英語の850語を今すぐチェック!


f:id:hobiwo:20170908075244j:plain

英語ベースの人造語「ベーシック英語」には、覚えるべき基礎英単語が明示されている。考案者のオグデン曰く、この850単語と簡易な文法ルールを覚えるだけでコミュニケーションがとれるという。夢のような話だ。

ベーシック英語 - Wikipedia

ただ残念なことに、「ベーシック英語」だけで会話が成立することはない。特殊な文法ルールの利用者は皆無であり、単語も実生活で必要数に遠く及ばばないからだ。しかし明示された850語は、必須の基礎英単語であることに変わりない。英語学習のはじめの一歩としては機能しそうなのでまとめてみた。

あなたは全部わかるだろうか?

英単語の意味がわからなければ、単語の右隣のあるリンク「*(アスタリスク)」をクリックしてほしい。Googleが、意味も発音も教えてくれるはずだ。
※一部のスマホ端末では、リンクされないケースがある模様。その場合はPC端末で確認ください

では、いってみよう。

動作に関するもの(100語)

  1. come *
  2. get *
  3. give *
  4. go *
  5. keep *
  6. let *
  7. make *
  8. put *
  9. seem *
  10. take *
  11. be *
  12. do *
  13. have *
  14. say *
  15. see *
  16. send *
  17. may *
  18. will *
  19. about *
  20. across *
  21. after *
  22. against *
  23. among *
  24. at *
  25. before *
  26. between *
  27. by *
  28. down *
  29. from *
  30. in *
  31. off *
  32. on *
  33. over *
  34. through *
  35. to *
  36. under *
  37. up *
  38. with *
  39. as *
  40. for *
  41. of *
  42. till *
  43. than *
  44. a *
  45. the *
  46. all *
  47. any *
  48. every *
  49. no *
  50. other *
  51. some *
  52. such *
  53. that *
  54. this *
  55. I *
  56. he *
  57. you *
  58. who *
  59. and *
  60. because *
  61. but *
  62. or *
  63. if *
  64. though *
  65. while *
  66. how *
  67. when *
  68. where *
  69. why *
  70. again *
  71. ever *
  72. far *
  73. forward *
  74. here *
  75. near *
  76. now *
  77. out *
  78. still *
  79. then *
  80. there *
  81. together *
  82. well *
  83. almost *
  84. enough *
  85. even *
  86. little *
  87. much *
  88. not *
  89. only *
  90. quite *
  91. so *
  92. very *
  93. tomorrow *
  94. yesterday *
  95. north *
  96. south *
  97. east *
  98. west *
  99. please *
  100. yes *

物事に関するもの(400の一般的な語)

  1. account *
  2. act *
  3. addition *
  4. adjustment *
  5. advertisement *
  6. agreement *
  7. air *
  8. amount *
  9. amusement *
  10. animal *
  11. answer *
  12. apparatus *
  13. approval *
  14. argument *
  15. art *
  16. attack *
  17. attempt *
  18. attention *
  19. attraction *
  20. authority *
  21. back *
  22. balance *
  23. base *
  24. behaviour *
  25. belief *
  26. birth *
  27. bit *
  28. bite *
  29. blood *
  30. blow *
  31. body *
  32. brass *
  33. bread *
  34. breath *
  35. brother *
  36. building *
  37. burn *
  38. burst *
  39. business *
  40. butter *
  41. canvas *
  42. care *
  43. cause *
  44. chalk *
  45. chance *
  46. change *
  47. cloth *
  48. coal *
  49. colour *
  50. comfort *
  51. committee *
  52. company *
  53. comparison *
  54. competition *
  55. condition *
  56. connection *
  57. control *
  58. cook *
  59. copper *
  60. copy *
  61. cork *
  62. cotton *
  63. cough *
  64. country *
  65. cover *
  66. crack *
  67. credit *
  68. crime *
  69. crush *
  70. cry *
  71. current *
  72. curve *
  73. damage *
  74. danger *
  75. daughter *
  76. day *
  77. death *
  78. debt *
  79. decision *
  80. degree *
  81. design *
  82. desire *
  83. destruction *
  84. detail *
  85. development *
  86. digestion *
  87. direction *
  88. discovery *
  89. discussion *
  90. disease *
  91. disgust *
  92. distance *
  93. distribution *
  94. division *
  95. doubt *
  96. drink *
  97. driving *
  98. dust *
  99. earth *
  100. edge *
  101. education *
  102. effect *
  103. end *
  104. error *
  105. event *
  106. example *
  107. exchange *
  108. existence *
  109. expansion *
  110. experience *
  111. expert *
  112. fact *
  113. fall *
  114. family *
  115. father *
  116. fear *
  117. feeling *
  118. fiction *
  119. field *
  120. fight *
  121. fire *
  122. flame *
  123. flight *
  124. flower *
  125. fold *
  126. food *
  127. force *
  128. form *
  129. friend *
  130. front *
  131. fruit *
  132. glass *
  133. gold *
  134. government *
  135. grain *
  136. grass *
  137. grip *
  138. group *
  139. growth *
  140. guide *
  141. harbour *
  142. harmony *
  143. hate *
  144. hearing *
  145. heat *
  146. help *
  147. history *
  148. hole *
  149. hope *
  150. hour *
  151. humour *
  152. ice *
  153. idea *
  154. impulse *
  155. increase *
  156. industry *
  157. ink *
  158. insect *
  159. instrument *
  160. insurance *
  161. interest *
  162. invention *
  163. iron *
  164. jelly *
  165. join *
  166. journey *
  167. judge *
  168. jump *
  169. kick *
  170. kiss *
  171. knowledge *
  172. land *
  173. language *
  174. laugh *
  175. law *
  176. lead *
  177. learning *
  178. leather *
  179. letter *
  180. level *
  181. lift *
  182. light *
  183. limit *
  184. linen *
  185. liquid *
  186. list *
  187. look *
  188. loss *
  189. love *
  190. machine *
  191. man *
  192. manager *
  193. mark *
  194. market *
  195. mass *
  196. meal *
  197. measure *
  198. meat *
  199. meeting *
  200. memory *
  201. metal *
  202. middle *
  203. milk *
  204. mind *
  205. mine *
  206. minute *
  207. mist *
  208. money *
  209. month *
  210. morning *
  211. mother *
  212. motion *
  213. mountain *
  214. move *
  215. music *
  216. name *
  217. nation *
  218. need *
  219. news *
  220. night *
  221. noise *
  222. note *
  223. number *
  224. observation *
  225. offer *
  226. oil *
  227. operation *
  228. opinion *
  229. order *
  230. organization *
  231. ornament *
  232. owner *
  233. page *
  234. pain *
  235. paint *
  236. paper *
  237. part *
  238. paste *
  239. payment *
  240. peace *
  241. person *
  242. place *
  243. plant *
  244. play *
  245. pleasure *
  246. point *
  247. poison *
  248. polish *
  249. porter *
  250. position *
  251. powder *
  252. power *
  253. price *
  254. print *
  255. process *
  256. produce *
  257. profit *
  258. property *
  259. prose *
  260. protest *
  261. pull *
  262. punishment *
  263. purpose *
  264. push *
  265. quality *
  266. question *
  267. rain *
  268. range *
  269. rate *
  270. ray *
  271. reaction *
  272. reading *
  273. reason *
  274. record *
  275. regret *
  276. relation *
  277. religion *
  278. representative *
  279. request *
  280. respect *
  281. rest *
  282. reward *
  283. rhythm *
  284. rice *
  285. river *
  286. road *
  287. roll *
  288. room *
  289. rub *
  290. rule *
  291. run *
  292. salt *
  293. sand *
  294. scale *
  295. science *
  296. sea *
  297. seat *
  298. secretary *
  299. selection *
  300. self *
  301. sense *
  302. servant *
  303. sex *
  304. shade *
  305. shake *
  306. shame *
  307. shock *
  308. side *
  309. sign *
  310. silk *
  311. silver *
  312. sister *
  313. size *
  314. sky *
  315. sleep *
  316. slip *
  317. slope *
  318. smash *
  319. smell *
  320. smile *
  321. smoke *
  322. sneeze *
  323. snow *
  324. soap *
  325. society *
  326. son *
  327. song *
  328. sort *
  329. sound *
  330. soup *
  331. space *
  332. stage *
  333. start *
  334. statement *
  335. steam *
  336. steel *
  337. step *
  338. stitch *
  339. stone *
  340. stop *
  341. story *
  342. stretch *
  343. structure *
  344. substance *
  345. sugar *
  346. suggestion *
  347. summer *
  348. support *
  349. surprise *
  350. swim *
  351. system *
  352. talk *
  353. taste *
  354. tax *
  355. teaching *
  356. tendency *
  357. test *
  358. theory *
  359. thing *
  360. thought *
  361. thunder *
  362. time *
  363. tin *
  364. top *
  365. touch *
  366. trade *
  367. transport *
  368. trick *
  369. trouble *
  370. turn *
  371. twist *
  372. unit *
  373. use *
  374. value *
  375. verse *
  376. vessel *
  377. view *
  378. voice *
  379. walk *
  380. war *
  381. wash *
  382. waste *
  383. water *
  384. wave *
  385. wax *
  386. way *
  387. weather *
  388. week *
  389. weight *
  390. wind *
  391. wine *
  392. winter *
  393. woman *
  394. wood *
  395. wool *
  396. word *
  397. work *
  398. wound *
  399. writing *
  400. year *

物事に関するもの(200の視覚に訴える語)

  1. angle *
  2. ant *
  3. apple *
  4. arch *
  5. arm *
  6. army *
  7. baby *
  8. bag *
  9. ball *
  10. band *
  11. basin *
  12. basket *
  13. bath *
  14. bed *
  15. bee *
  16. bell *
  17. berry *
  18. bird *
  19. blade *
  20. board *
  21. boat *
  22. bone *
  23. book *
  24. boot *
  25. bottle *
  26. box *
  27. boy *
  28. brain *
  29. brake *
  30. branch *
  31. brick *
  32. bridge *
  33. brush *
  34. bucket *
  35. bulb *
  36. button *
  37. cake *
  38. camera *
  39. card *
  40. cart *
  41. carriage *
  42. cat *
  43. chain *
  44. cheese *
  45. chest *
  46. chin *
  47. church *
  48. circle *
  49. clock *
  50. cloud *
  51. coat *
  52. collar *
  53. comb *
  54. cord *
  55. cow *
  56. cup *
  57. curtain *
  58. cushion *
  59. dog *
  60. door *
  61. drain *
  62. drawer *
  63. dress *
  64. drop *
  65. ear *
  66. egg *
  67. engine *
  68. eye *
  69. face *
  70. farm *
  71. feather *
  72. finger *
  73. fish *
  74. flag *
  75. floor *
  76. fly *
  77. foot *
  78. fork *
  79. fowl *
  80. frame *
  81. garden *
  82. girl *
  83. glove *
  84. goat *
  85. gun *
  86. hair *
  87. hammer *
  88. hand *
  89. hat *
  90. head *
  91. heart *
  92. hook *
  93. horn *
  94. horse *
  95. hospital *
  96. house *
  97. island *
  98. jewel *
  99. kettle *
  100. key *
  101. knee *
  102. knife *
  103. knot *
  104. leaf *
  105. leg *
  106. library *
  107. line *
  108. lip *
  109. lock *
  110. map *
  111. match *
  112. monkey *
  113. moon *
  114. mouth *
  115. muscle *
  116. nail *
  117. neck *
  118. needle *
  119. nerve *
  120. net *
  121. nose *
  122. nut *
  123. office *
  124. orange *
  125. oven *
  126. parcel *
  127. pen *
  128. pencil *
  129. picture *
  130. pig *
  131. pin *
  132. pipe *
  133. plane *
  134. plate *
  135. plough *
  136. pocket *
  137. pot *
  138. potato *
  139. prison *
  140. pump *
  141. rail *
  142. rat *
  143. receipt *
  144. ring *
  145. rod *
  146. roof *
  147. root *
  148. sail *
  149. school *
  150. scissors *
  151. screw *
  152. seed *
  153. sheep *
  154. shelf *
  155. ship *
  156. shirt *
  157. shoe *
  158. skin *
  159. skirt *
  160. snake *
  161. sock *
  162. spade *
  163. sponge *
  164. spoon *
  165. spring *
  166. square *
  167. stamp *
  168. star *
  169. station *
  170. stem *
  171. stick *
  172. stocking *
  173. stomach *
  174. store *
  175. street *
  176. sun *
  177. table *
  178. tail *
  179. thread *
  180. throat *
  181. thumb *
  182. ticket *
  183. toe *
  184. tongue *
  185. tooth *
  186. town *
  187. train *
  188. tray *
  189. tree *
  190. trousers *
  191. umbrella *
  192. wall *
  193. watch *
  194. wheel *
  195. whip *
  196. whistle *
  197. window *
  198. wing *
  199. wire *
  200. worm *

状態に関するもの(100の一般的な語)

  1. able *
  2. acid *
  3. angry *
  4. automatic *
  5. beautiful *
  6. black *
  7. boiling *
  8. bright *
  9. broken *
  10. brown *
  11. cheap *
  12. chemical *
  13. chief *
  14. clean *
  15. clear *
  16. common *
  17. complex *
  18. conscious *
  19. cut *
  20. deep *
  21. dependent *
  22. early *
  23. elastic *
  24. electric *
  25. equal *
  26. fat *
  27. fertile *
  28. first *
  29. fixed *
  30. flat *
  31. free *
  32. frequent *
  33. full *
  34. general *
  35. good *
  36. great *
  37. grey *
  38. hanging *
  39. happy *
  40. hard *
  41. healthy *
  42. high *
  43. hollow *
  44. important *
  45. kind *
  46. like *
  47. living *
  48. long *
  49. male *
  50. married *
  51. material *
  52. medical *
  53. military *
  54. natural *
  55. necessary *
  56. new *
  57. normal *
  58. open *
  59. parallel *
  60. past *
  61. physical *
  62. political *
  63. poor *
  64. possible *
  65. present *
  66. private *
  67. probable *
  68. quick *
  69. quiet *
  70. ready *
  71. red *
  72. regular *
  73. responsible *
  74. right *
  75. round *
  76. same *
  77. second *
  78. separate *
  79. serious *
  80. sharp *
  81. smooth *
  82. sticky *
  83. stiff *
  84. straight *
  85. strong *
  86. sudden *
  87. sweet *
  88. tall *
  89. thick *
  90. tight *
  91. tired *
  92. true *
  93. violent *
  94. waiting *
  95. warm *
  96. wet *
  97. wide *
  98. wise *
  99. yellow *
  100. young *

状態に関するもの(50の相対する語)

  1. awake *
  2. bad *
  3. bent *
  4. bitter *
  5. blue *
  6. certain *
  7. cold *
  8. complete *
  9. cruel *
  10. dark *
  11. dead *
  12. dear *
  13. delicate *
  14. different *
  15. dirty *
  16. dry *
  17. false*
  18. feeble *
  19. female *
  20. foolish *
  21. future *
  22. green *
  23. ill *
  24. last *
  25. late *
  26. left *
  27. loose *
  28. loud *
  29. low *
  30. mixed *
  31. narrow *
  32. old *
  33. opposite *
  34. public *
  35. rough *
  36. sad *
  37. safe *
  38. secret *
  39. short *
  40. shut *
  41. simple *
  42. slow *
  43. small *
  44. soft *
  45. solid *
  46. special *
  47. strange *
  48. thin *
  49. white *
  50. wrong *

まとめ

英単語たくさん覚えて話したい最近日本語忘れてきたし

850語すべて理解できる人は、こちらの記事も参考に。

文法の基礎は、こちらで紹介している記事も是非。